Ans: Any representation, by whatever means, of a child engaged in real or simulated explicit sexual activities or representation of the sexual parts of a child, the dominant characteristics of which is depiction for a sexual purpose.
Ans: Forcing, luring or persuading a child by any older person, male or female, to take part in sexual activities, which may happen with or without physical contact, offline or online. (The new Terminology Guidelines clarify that sexual abuse of children requires no element of exchange, and can occur for the mere purpose of the sexual gratification of the person committing the act. Such abuse can be committed without explicit force…The mere fact of the sexual activity taking place is sufficient to constitute abuse. Furthermore, child sexual abuse can take the form of both contact and non-contact abuse.)
Ans: Deliberately seeking out children for sex during travels while taking advantage of the sense of anonymity afforded by the opportunity. (Under the new Terminology Guidelines, this term should be avoided and can be replaced by the term “sexual exploitation of children in the context of travel and tourism”.)
Ans: A form of sexual exploitation (of children) where the focus is specifically on monetary benefit through activities like production and consumption of child sexual abuse material (“child pornography”), prostitution of children, abuse and exploitation in the travel and tourism industries (“child sex tourism”) and trafficking in children for purposes of sexual exploitation. (The new Terminology Guidelines state simply that “a distinction can … be made between ‘sexual exploitation’ and ‘commercial sexual exploitation’, with the latter being a form of sexual exploitation where the focus is specifically on monetary benefit, often relating to organized criminality where the primary driver is economic gain”.
Ans: Using words or images or signals online to lower the reputation or prestige of the target.
Ans: Messaging abusive or other objectionable content to the target child or creating fake profiles in social media with the intention of targeting him or her.
Ans: Communicating direct or implied threats through emails or messages in social media to inspire fear in the target child.
Ans: Following someone on Internet/mobile for causing inconvenience, or harassment/extortion, or for other illegal motives.
Ans: Public display, posting or forwarding of personal and private communication, images or video of the target child.
Ans: Preparing a child, significant adults and the environment for sexual abuse and exploitation or ideological manipulation. (The new Terminology Guidelines define grooming as ”the process of establishing/building a relationship with a child either in person or through the use of the Internet or other digital technologies to facilitate either online or offline sexual contact with that person”.)
Ans: Unwelcome sexual advances, request or demand for sexual favour, and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature. “Sexual harassment” refers not only to sexual conduct with the explicit intention to violate the dignity of another person (i.e. purpose) but also to conduct of a sexual nature that a person experiences as offensive or intimidating
Ans: Installation of malicious code on a personal computer or server, misdirecting users to fake or fraudulent websites without their knowledge or consent.
Ans: The act of sending an email to a user falsely claiming to be an established legitimate enterprise in an attempt to scam the user into surrendering private information. The user is usually directed to a website and asked to update personal information (e.g. password, credit card, bank account numbers) that is misused for identity theft.
Ans: “The use of children in sexual activities for remuneration or any other form of consideration.” The optional protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography, Article 2(b) (The new Terminology Guidelines recommend this term should not be used, and that “exploitation of children in prostitution” should be used instead.
Ans: Self-production and posting of intimate pictures, sexually explicit conversations, posting/sharing of intimate pictures.